Posts Tagged return on investment

Specification of Modular Data Center Architecture

Posted by on May 17, 2012  |  No Comments

White Paper 160

Modularity is loosely defined as a technique that builds large systems out of smaller subsystems, where the subsystems have well defined rules for interfacing to each other. Modularity also suggests a simplified approach to installation or replacement, ideally with “plug in” of modular elements that require simplified commissioning.

Recent reports by Gartner reflect the growing realization that “The first two generations of data center designs are no longer appropriate for current and future needs. New data centers should be perceived less as a static structure and more as an agile, living organism that evolves as the server and storage infrastructure changes.” In response, Gartner suggests operators should “Include flexible, modular, virtualized design principles in new data center designs.”

Major suppliers of data center equipment and complete data center solutions are promoting the benefits of their modular solutions. Yet the definition of modularity remains vague and can be applied to a single device, such as a UPS, or it can be applied to complete data center buildings. In the case of so-called containerized data centers, the data center itself is can be viewed as a module.

Data center operators are faced with a confusing number of poorly defined terms describing modularity including terms like pods, containers, clusters, zones, rows, rooms, busses, etc.

Clearly, modularity within a data center does not refer to one specific ideal design, but rather to an approach that can yield many different types of design. Furthermore, while some data centers may be said to be “more modular” than others, there is no threshold where a data center becomes modular.

When a modular approach is chosen, the degree to which the data center is cut up into modules must also be considered. Should a specific subsystem in a data center have three modules or forty-seven modules? Modularity does have some costs, so making everything as modular as possible is not always effective.

A recent analysis by Tier 1 Research validates the advantages of modularity for data centers but suggests that the industry impact of modularity will only be maximized when modules become “industrialized” and standardized to reduce their costs and speed the supply chain.

In this paper, we will define what is meant by modularity and define terms used for describing and specifying modularity in relation to the physical infrastructure of data center including space, power and cooling. Modularity in relation to the IT architecture or IT hardware is not discussed in this paper. A graphical method for describing a modular architecture will be presented. The feasibility of standardizing and industrializing modularity will be examined. We will show how data center modularity can be effectively applied and specified, and how the approach should vary with the application.

“Specification of Modular Data Center Architecture” Full White Paper (Click Here To Download)

Executive Summary:

There is a growing consensus that conventional legacy data center design will be superseded by modular scalable data center designs. Reduced total cost of ownership, increased flexibility, reduced deployment time, and improved efficiency are all claimed benefits of modular scalable designs. Yet the term “modular”, when and where modularity is appropriate, and how to specify modularity are all poorly defined.

This paper creates a framework for modular data center architecture and describes the various ways that modularity can be implemented for data center power, cooling, and space infrastructure and explains when the different approaches are appropriate and effective.

Contents:

  • Problems solved by modularity
  • Elements of modular architecture
  • Defining modular architecture for data centers
  • One or many modular architectures?
  • Documenting a modular data center architecture
  • Specifying a data center project using modular methods
  • Containers, skids, and other form factors

Conclusion:

The benefits of modular architecture are becoming widely recognized. This paper has only briefly summarized these benefits. The move toward modular data center is inevitable because the overwhelming improvements in performance and TCO that accrue. This form of advancement can be seen in many industries such as the automotive industry and the IT equipment industry. For data centers the only questions are how quickly this transformation will occur and what form it will take.

This paper defines what is meant by modular data center architecture, so that operators, engineering firms, construction firms, and suppliers can begin to have productive conversa- tions about modular data center design using a common language. This paper has also gone further in describing how modular architecture can be formally specified. The industry will only obtain the benefits of modular data center architecture when the standard specification system described here, or one like it, becomes a commonly accepted way for vendors to describe data center offers, and for customers to use in requesting quotations.

White Paper Written By:

Neil Rasmussen

Universal Networking Services is proud to partner with Datapod™ to deliver an unique alternative to the traditional bricks and mortar data center installation. With Datapod we can provide the data center community an alternative solution that maximizes their investment and increases the reliability and availability of their mission-critical facility.  Datapod is an unique, modular data center system that incorporates innovative design and cutting edge mechanical and electrical engineering. It has extended the concept of containerized data centers to include critical site infrastructure such as modular generators, chillers, and deployment services thereby providing a complete infrastructure solution for data centers. By enabling data center users to deploy when they like, where they like and for how long they like, the Datapod system offers performance superior to that of  a “bricks and mortar” data center facility, deploys faster and at a more cost-effective price point.

Please feel free to contact Waite Ave at w.ave@apcdistributors.com or contact us to learn more.

Avoiding Costs from Oversizing Data Center and Network Room Infrastructure

Posted by on April 15, 2012  |  No Comments

White Paper 37

This paper will show that the single largest avoidable cost associated with typical data center and network room infrastructure is oversizing. The utilization of the physical and power infrastructure in a data center or network room is typically around 50-60%. The unused capacity of data centers and network rooms is an avoidable capital cost, and it also represents avoidable operating costs, including maintenance and energy.

This paper is constructed in three parts. First, the facts and statistics related to oversizing are described. Next, the reasons why this occurs are discussed. Finally, an architecture and method for avoiding these costs is described.

“Avoiding Costs from Oversizing Data Center and Network Room Infrastructure” Full White Paper (Download Here)

Executive Summary:

The physical infrastructure of data centers and network rooms is typically oversized by five times the actual capacity at start-up and more than one and a half times the ultimate actual capacity. Oversizing statistics from actual customer installations are presented. The TCO costs associated with oversizing are quantified to be in excess of 30%. The fundamental reasons why oversizing occurs are discussed and an architecture and method for avoiding it is described.

Contents:

  • Facts and statistics related to oversizing
  • Why does oversizing occur?
  • Fundamentals reasons for oversizing
  • Architecture and method to avoid oversizing

Conclusion:

Data centers and network rooms are routinely oversized to more than 1 1/2 times their ultimate actual capacity. Oversizing drives excessive capital, maintenance, and energy expenses, on the order of 30%. This is a substantial fraction of the overall lifecycle cost. Most of this excess cost can be recovered by implementing a method and architecture that can adapt to changing requirements in a cost-effective manner while at the same time providing high availability.

White Paper #37 Written By:

Neil Rasmussen

Find out how Universal Networking Services brings a comprehensive solution from the utility pole to the server and assists with navigating the complex waters of most size and scope of projects. Whether you are upgrading, retrofitting or developing a new design-build, UNS and its partners generate efficient, scalable, reliable and manageable critical infrastructure solutions to your organization. Our holistic, common sense approach lowers our clients Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) and maximizes efficiencies offered by the advancements in critical power and cooling infrastructure.

Please feel free to contact us to learn more.

Universal Networking Services Institute for Data Center Professionals

Posted by on April 6, 2012  |  No Comments

Data center education that will lay the critical foundation to run an efficient data center.

Data center efficiency should be a topic of significant importance to all data center operators. At Universal Networking Services (UNS), our philosophy is simple: knowledge is key to data center efficiency!  UNS Institute for Data Center Professionals offers the data center community priceless educational opportunities through numerous gateways:

Educational Gateways:

“Educational Series For Data Center Professionals”

“Breakfast and Learn Series For Data Center Professionals”

Universal Networking Services Blog

Data Center Critical Power and Cooling LinkedIn Group

Universal Networking Services Twitter

About UNS “Educational Series For Data Center Professionals”:

The “Educational Series For Data Center Professionals” is a customized training series conducted at YOUR facility that provides the education that will lay the critical foundation for your organization to run an efficient data center.  UNS works diligently with you and your staff to customize a curriculum specific to your facilities requirements that educate and showcase the latest in technologies and best practices for data center power, cooling, monitoring, security and management.  Choose either topics from current course curriculum (see course curriculum below) or customize your training.   At UNS, we believe education is key to controlling your data center costs.  With that in mind, we couple your customized training session with our signature Critical Facility Energy Profile (CFEP) assessment.  To highlight, our CFEP service provides an on-site, non-invasive, risk free analysis of your current Network Critical Physical Infrastructure (NCPI) to determine the baseline efficiency of your data center.   On the first day, we will perform a site/data center assessment (CFEP), during which, items that are affecting efficiency and reliability are compiled.  On the second day, we return to the facility to perform a customized education/training session on today’s best strategies for power, cooling, monitoring security and management using examples from YOUR facility.  The education provided will drive your organization’s total-cost-of-ownership (TCO) as low as possible.   UNS is committed to understanding our clients challenges and provide the tools needed to operate their businesses with reliability and maximum efficiency. Contact us today to learn more about this unique educational opportunity.

Current “Educational Series For Data Center Professionals” Course Curriculum:

“POWER FUNDAMENTALS”-If you’ve ever asked yourself…”What’s the difference between kVA and kW?  AC and DC, isn’t that a band? Single-phase or three-phase?…then this is the course for you! In this course, students learn the fundamentals of AC and DC power, from generation to application.

“POWER DISTRIBUTION”-“With great power comes great responsibility.”  One can have all the power in the world but efficiently distributing that power to your critical equipment is the trick that makes the difference between business as usual or lights out!  In this course, students learn the fundamentals and application of efficient power delivered in terms of both off-site and on-site power generation.

“EFFICIENT POWER MANAGEMENT-OPTIMIZING TCO”- “Generator? Check. UPS? Check. Doors secured? Check. Red lights? Check…uh-oh! What do we do now? Who will we call?  Is this covered under a service agreement?” Managing your assets is one thing but doing so in a manner that lowers your TCO and allows you to sleep better at night takes some strategy.  Increasing availability and reliability while continuously decreasing costs means you’ll have to know when to break from the crowd and try less conventional methods.  This course is designed for the professional that has a solid understanding of both “Power Fundamentals” and “Power Distribution” and is ready to develop a strategy to manage their time, manpower and assets with maximum efficiency.

“CRITICAL COOLING 101-FUNDAMENTALS OF AIR CONDITIONING”-This course explains the fundamentals of air conditioning systems and how they can be leveraged in a data center to your advantage.  Topics include:  The Properties of Heat Transfer, The Ideal Gas Law, The Refrigeration Cycle, Condensation Control, and Comfort vs. Precision Cooling.  With a solid understanding of air conditioning principles, this course enables students to make knowledgeable decision on what air conditioning solutions are right for their data center-solutions based on fact, rather than sales and marketing strategy.

“EFFICIENT COOLING-OPTIMIZING COOLING STRATEGIES AND ARCHITECTURE”-Today’s servers generate significantly more heat, and in more concentrated, confined space than they did 20 years ago. So, why are data centers still using the same cooling strategies of yesteryear? This course takes a hard look at data center cooling architectures from many angles: efficiency, reliability, TCO, feasibility and availability, enabling students to make the best choices in cooling their critical equipment.  “Understanding the difference between comfort cooling and critical cooling; understanding the different types of cooling architectures and their deployment; and developing a method of choosing one cooling strategy over another” are all topics discussed in this course offering.

About UNS “Breakfast and Learn Series for Data Center Professionals”:

The “Breakfast and Learn Educational Series for Data Center Professionals” offers the data center community multiple opportunities to learn from their peers, share experiences, and expand industry knowledge.  Our educational sessions are conducted throughout the United States quarterly and will be advertised via our Data Center Critical Power and Cooling LinkedIn Group and/or follow us on Twitter.  Our “Breakfast and Learn Series” can also be customized and conducted at your own facility.  For more information on our “Breakfast and Learn Series” please contact us.

Current “Breakfast and Learn” Discussions:

“RIGHT-SIZING VERSUS OVER-SIZING: EFFICIENCY IN THE DATA CENTER”- Forecasting and measuring the total cost of ownership (TCO) for Data Center Physical Infrastructure (DCPI) is essential for return-on-investment (ROI) analysis.  Oversizing is the main contributor to excess TCO.  Oversizing creates inefficiencies in the data center including excess capital cost, operating cost, and specifically energy cost.  The average data center operator can achieve the highest return investment in relation to DCPI through right-sizing.  Right-sizing the DCPI system to the load is the key to optimizing TCO and has the most impact on DCPI electrical consumption.  Right-sizing can potentially eliminate up to 50% of the electrical bill in real-world scenarios.  For example, potential electricity cost savings for a typical 1 MW data center has been shown to be $2,000,000 to $4,000,000 over a typical 10-year life to the facility.  Data center efficiency is key to controlling your energy costs and should be a topic of significant importance to all data center operators.  This discussion is available through our “Breakfast and Learn Educational Series For Data Center Professionals”.

“IS PERIMETER COOLING DEAD?”-Traditional data center “room” cooling is unable to accommodate the latest generation of high and variable density IT equipment resulting in cooling systems that are inefficient, unpredictable, and low in power density.  To address these problems, row-oriented and rack-oriented cooling architectures have been developed.  Our presentation, “Is Perimeter Cooling Dead” examines and contrasts the 3 basic cooling approaches:  room, row, and rack architectures.  Each approach has an appropriate application but row-orientated cooling is emerging as the solution of choice for most next generation data centers.  Next generation data centers demand the flexibility, predicability, scalability, reduced electrical power consumption, reduced TCO and optimum availability that row and rack-oriented cooling architectures can provide.  Additionally, the factors that gave rise to the establishment and use of the raised floor is no longer justified or desirable.  To learn more about this topic, “Is Perimeter Cooling Dead” is available for your organization through our unique “Breakfast and Learn” Educational Series For Data Center Professionals.

About Universal Networking Services Blog “Don’s Corner”:

Data center industry blog that discusses the most relevant topics challenging the data center industry today.  Don Melchert, Critical Facility Specialist, shares in “Don’s Corner” his extensive knowledge and experience from the mission critical arena.  “Don’s Corner” highlights real world experiences to provide you the tools to maximize your efficiency while lowering your operating costs.

About Universal Networking Services LinkedIn “Data Center Critical Power and Cooling Group”:

Join UNS and industry peers on an open forum to discuss the following topics relating to data center “best practices”.  Key areas are:

– Power

– Cooling

– Racks- Security

– Management

– Fire Suppression

– Personnel

Submit your questions or comments on issues that affect your data center and have them answered by our Critical Facility Specialist.  We provide valuable insight to common problems that often plague modern data centers. Join the discussion at Data Center Critical Power and Cooling LinkedIn Group.

About Universal Networking Services Twitter:

Follow us on Twitter as we tweet/share industry related news, event postings, and company updates.

APC Data Center University

Data Center University™ (DCU) offers industry-leading education for IT professionals‚ facilities managers‚ engineers‚ designers‚ consultants‚ and anyone involved in the critical decisions and infrastructure planning of data centers worldwide. The changing nature of data centers‚ and the technology that impacts them‚ makes it even more critical that employees remain up to date on the current theories and best practices for issues around topics of power‚ cooling‚ management‚ security‚ and planning.

DCU provides a full curriculum of courses that educate and deliver up-to-the-minute information when and where you need it. Our online program is intended to be manageable and attainable‚ and with our Certification exam‚ you can quantify your learning and experience as a true data center professional!

Energy University by Schneider Electric

Schneider Electric, the global specialist in Energy Management has launched an e-learning website Energy University to provide the latest information and professional training on Energy Efficiency concepts and best practice! All in ONE Place – All in ONE site!

In addition to learning new energy saving ideas that directly contribute to the overall well-being of the earth; you will also become an even more valuable employee by contributing to the bottom line for your company. Learn something new today and apply the knowledge tomorrow. Become an Energy Efficiency Champion! Read more…

Don’s Corner: “Is Perimeter Cooling Dead?”

Posted by on March 6, 2012  |  No Comments

Don Melchert, Critical Facility Specialist

“IS PERIMETER COOLING DEAD?”

Traditional data center “room” cooling is unable to accommodate the latest generation of high and variable density IT equipment resulting in cooling systems that are inefficient, unpredictable, and low in power density.  To address these problems row-oriented and rack-oriented cooling architectures have been developed.  Our presentation, “Is Perimeter Cooling Dead” examines and contrasts the 3 basic cooling approaches: room, row, and rack architectures. Each approach has an appropriate application but row-orientated cooling is emerging as the solution of choice for most next generation data centers. Next generation data centers demand the flexibility, predicability, scalability, reduced electrical power consumption, reduced TCO, and optimum availability that row and rack-oriented cooling architectures can provide. Additionally, the factors that gave rise to the establishment and use of the raised floor in the data center environment are presented.  For many applications the use of the raised floor is no longer justified or desirable. To learn more about this topic, “Is Perimeter Cooling Dead” is available for your organization via our unique “Breakfast and Learn” Educational Series For Data Center Professionals.  This series provides the education that will lay the critical found for your organization to run an efficient data center.  Please feel free to contact me for further information at d.melchert@apcdistributors.com or 918-760-8236.

The Advantages of Row and Rack-Oriented Cooling Architectures for Data Centers (White Paper #30) Overview:

Executive Summary:

Latest generation high density and variable density IT equipment create conditions that traditional data center room cooling was never intended to address, resulting in cooling systems that are inefficient, unpredictable, and low in power density. Row-oriented and rack-oriented cooling architectures have been developed to address these problems. This paper contrasts room, row, and rack architectures and shows why row- oriented cooling will emerge as the preferred solution for most next generation data centers.

Highlights:

  • Discuss the following cooling approaches:  room, row and rack-based cooling architectures.
  • Benefit comparison of cooling architectures:  challenges in agility, availability, lifecycle costs, serviceability, and manageability
  • Special issues:  capacity utilization, humidification, electrical efficiency, water near IT equipment, location and redundancy.
  • Elements of the raised floor and problems associated with using a raised floor.
  • Hurdles to eliminating the raised floor
  • Designing without a raised floor.

Conclusion:

The conventional legacy approach to data center cooling using room-oriented architecture has technical and practical limitations in next generation data centers. The need of next generation data centers to adapt to changing requirements, to reliably support high and variable power density, and to reduce electrical power consumption and other operating costs have directly led to the development of row and rack-oriented cooling architectures. These two architectures are more successful at addressing these needs, particularly at operating densities of 3 kW per rack or greater. The legacy room-oriented approach has served the industry well, and remains an effective and practical alternative for lower density installations and those applications where IT technology changes are minimal.

Row and rack-oriented cooling architecture provides the flexibility, predictability, scalability, reduced electrical power consumption, reduced TCO, and optimum availability that next- generations data centers require. Users should expect that many new product offerings from suppliers will utilize these approaches.

It is expected that many data centers will utilize a mixture of the three cooling architectures. Rack-oriented cooling will find application in situations where extreme densities, high granularity of deployment, or unstructured layout are the key drivers. Room-oriented cooling will remain an effective approach for low density applications and applications where change is infrequent. For most users with newer high density server technologies, row-oriented cooling will provide the best balance of high predictability, high power density, and adaptability, at the best overall TCO.

References:

Avoidable Mistakes that Compromise Cooling Performance in Data Centers and Network Rooms (White Paper#49) Overview:

Executive Summary:

Avoidable mistakes that are routinely made when installing cooling systems and racks in data centers or network rooms compromise availability and increase costs. These unintentional flaws create hot-spots, decrease fault tolerance, decrease efficiency, and reduce cooling capacity. Although facilities operators are often held accountable for cooling problems, many problems are actually caused by improper deployment of IT equipment outside of their control. This paper examines these typical mistakes, explains their principles, quantifies their impacts, and describes simple remedies.

Conclusion:

The air distribution system is a part of the data center that is not well understood, and facility operators and IT personnel often take actions involving airflow that have unintentional and adverse consequences to both availability and cost.

Flawed airflow implementation has not been a serious problem in the past, due to low power density in the data center. However, recent increases in power density are beginning to test the capacity of cooling systems and give rise to hot-spots and unexpected limitations of cooling capacity

Decisions such as facing all racks in the same direction are often made for cosmetic reasons to project image; but as users and customers become more educated they will conclude that people who do not implement airflow correctly are inexperienced, which is the opposite of the original intent.

Adopting a number of simple policies and providing a simple justification for them can achieve alignment between IT and Facilities staff resulting in maximum availability and optimized TCO.

References:

Universal Networking Services Extends Scheduling Deadline For Free Critical Facility Energy Profiles to March 31, 2012.

Posted by on February 21, 2012  |  No Comments

Universal Networking Services Extends Scheduling Deadline For Free Critical Facility Energy Profiles To March 31, 2012.

“Critical Facility Energy Profiles (CFEP) service provides a detailed analysis of the data center power and cooling infrastructure to optimize operating efficiency and significantly control energy costs.”

St. Petersburg, Florida February 22, 2012: Exceptional interest by the data center community for free Critical Facility Energy Profile (CFEP) assessments has prompted Universal Networking Services (UNS), a leading provider of mission- critical power and cooling infrastructure products and services to extend the scheduling date for to March 31, 2012.

Waite Ave, Vice President of Operations, states “Nearly half of a data center’s energy bill is from power and cooling. We are excited to offer this opportunity to the data center community to save on energy costs. Today’s IT departments face complex challenges that demand attention to their bottom line. Up to 75 percent of the energy used feeds power-hungry servers and the operation of mechanical and electrical systems that keep the lights on and, above all, keep the IT equipment cool. Smaller, more powerful IT equipment is considerably hotter than older systems, making heat management a major challenge. UNS and its partners take a broad view of these challenges in today’s IT facilities. Often, our recommendations, without any capital investment by the client, can generate savings on utility costs. If the client choses to implement modern technology such as in-row/in-rack cooling infrastructure the savings are often compounded. As an example, we have seen upwards of 40% savings in our clients utility bill by implementing this sort of IT architecture. Normally pricing is associated with our Critical Facility Energy Profiles but we want to encourage local companies to be proactive in minimizing their costs and maximizing their efficiency by offering this service free for a limited time.  At UNS, we believe education is key to controlling your data center costs.  With that in mind, the CFEP assessment can also be coupled with our Data Center Institute Educational Series.  Our customized training series provides the education that will lay the critical foundation to run an efficient data center.  Based on CFEP findings, UNS can customize a curriculum  specific to your facilities requirements that educate and showcase the latest in technologies and best practices for data center power, cooling, monitoring, security and management.”

About Universal Networking Services, LLC

Universal Networking Services (UNS) specializes in mission-critical power and cooling solutions for wiring closets, server rooms, and data centers. UNS provides product acquisition, design, engineering, education/training, and installation management and maintenance services for critical facilities.

About Critical Facility Energy Profiles (CFEP)

Our Critical Facility Energy Profile (CFEP) service provides a non-invasive, risk free analysis of your current Network Critical Physical Infrastructure (NCPI) to determine the baseline efficiency of your wiring closet, server room, or data center. This assessment of NCPI equipment includes:

  • Power
  • Cooling
  • Enclosures/Racks
  • Security
  • Fire Suppression
  • Management
  • Recycle/Re-Use of Old Equipment

The CFEP assessment provides analysis of the data center power and cooling systems to determine the operating efficiency of the data center. Our specialists document the existing infrastructure, determine the efficiency and provide an assessment of the factors limiting the achievable efficiency of the data center and make both non-capital and capital cost recommendations for changes to maximize efficiency. This includes:

  • Assessment of the electrical efficiency within the data center.
  • The breakdown of power, cooling and lighting losses.
  • Assessment of cooling system losses of CRAC/CRAH units, humidification and heat rejection losses.
  • Assessment of the power system losses including UPS and power distribution.
  • Recommendations to improve data center efficiency.
  • Outline/itemize anticipated efficiency gains for each recommended improvement

After the completion of our assessment, a detailed report is generated that outlines the problem areas, why it’s a problem and recommendations on how to correct the situation. Armed with solutions and recommendations from the CFEP, companies are saving thousands each month with no-cost solutions and a minimum 30% reduction in their utility bills, with an average “real world” efficiency gain closer to 70%.  With UNS, service is everything. We are committed to understanding our clients challenges and provide the tools needed to operate their business with reliability and maximum efficiency.

CFEP assessments can also be incorporated with our Data Center Institute Educational Series. Based on CFEP findings found on day one, UNS can customize a curriculum  specific to your facilities requirements that educate and showcase the latest in technologies and best practices for data center power, cooling, monitoring, security and management. The way it works is, on the first day, UNS will perform a site/data center assessment (CFEP), during which, items that are effecting efficiency and reliability are compiled.  On the second day, we return to the facility to perform a education/training session on today’s best strategies for Power, Cooling and Management using examples from YOUR facility.”

To learn more details of the CFEP, or to schedule this unique offer please contact Waite Ave at w.ave@apcdistributors.com or 1-888-486-7725, ext. 201.

To learn more about Universal Networking Services visit www.criticalpowerandcooling.com.


APC White Paper Podcasts Directory

Posted by on February 7, 2012  |  No Comments

Waite Ave, Vice President of Operations

We hope you enjoy this directory of APC’s White Paper Podcasts.  Listen when you want, where you want. Learn what you need to know! APC’s Podcasts provide you a convenient way to stay informed on current trends in the data center.

These recorded excerpts of APC’s most popular white papers provide the techniques, guidelines and tools you need to make the most effective decisions regarding your IT installations.

The complete white paper text with graphics and citations are also provided  via PDF version.

At Universal Networking Services, our philosophy is simple:  knowledge is key to data center efficiency! To explore more gateways to priceless educational opportunities please visit UNS’s Data Center Institute. We are proud to announce we offer customized on-site training available through UNS’s Data Center Institute Training Series. For more information on tailoring a custom training program specific to your facility’s needs please contact us .

Data Center Projects: Standardized Process (#140):

As the design and deployment of data center physical infrastructure moves away from art and move toward science, the benefits of a standardized and predictable process are becoming compelling. Beyond the ordering, delivery, and installation of hardware, any build or upgrade project depends critically upon a well-defined process as insurance against surprises, cost overruns, delays, and frustration. This paper presents an overview of a standardized, step-by-step process methodology that can be adapted and configured to suit individual requirements.

Data Center Projects: System Planning (White Paper #142 and Part 1 of 2 Podcast):

System planning is the Achilles’ heel of a data center physical infrastructure project. Planning mistakes can magnify and propagate through later deployment phases, resulting in delays, cost overruns, wasted time, and ultimately a compromised system. Much of the trouble can be eliminated by viewing system planning as a data flow model, with an orderly sequence of tasks that progressively transform and refine information from initial concept to final design

Data Center Projects: System Planning (White Paper #142 and Part 2 of 2 Podcast):

System planning is the Achilles’ heel of a data center physical infrastructure project. Planning mistakes can magnify and propagate through later deployment phases, resulting in delays, cost overruns, wasted time, and ultimately a compromised system. Much of the trouble can be eliminated by viewing system planning as a data flow model, with an orderly sequence of tasks that progressively transform and refine information from initial concept to final design.

A Quantitative Comparison of High Efficiency AC vs DC Power Distribution for Data Centers (#127):

A Quantitative Comparison of High Efficiency AC vs DC Power Distribution for Data Centers

Cooling Strategies for Ultra-High Density Racks and Blade Servers (#46):

Cooling Strategies for Ultra-High Density Racks and Blade Servers

Increasing Data Center Efficiency by Using Improved High Density Power Distribution (#128):

Increasing Data Center Efficiency by Using Improved High Density Power Distribution

Rack Powering Options for High Density (#29):

Alternatives for providing electrical power to high density racks in Data Centers and Network Rooms are explained and compared. Issues addressed include quantity of feeds, single-phase vs. three-phase, number and location of circuit breakers, overload, selection of plug types, selection of voltage, redundancy, and loss of redundancy. The need for the rack power system to adapt to changing requirements is identified and quantified. Guidelines are defined for rack power systems that can reliably deliver power to high density loads while adapting to changing needs.

The Seven Types of Power Problems (#18):

Many of the mysteries of equipment failure, downtime, software and data corruption, are often the result of a problematic supply of power. There is also a common problem with describing power problems in a standard way. This white paper will describe the most common types of power disturbances, what can cause them, what they can do to your critical equipment, and how to safeguard your equipment, using the IEEE standards for describing power quality problems.

Neutral Wire Facts and Mythology (#21):

This Technical Note discusses many common misunderstandings about the function of the neutral wire and its relation to power problems. The subjects of dedicated lines, phase reversal, isolation transformers, and grounding are addressed. Various myths are described and criticized.

Accounting and Tax Benefits of Modular, Portable Data Center Infrastructure (#115):

Well-informed accounting treatment of Network-Critical Physical Infrastructure (NCPI) assets provides significant opportunities to contribute to improving the financial performance of a business, institution, or organization. Design and manufacturing improvements in modular, scalable UPS systems, power distribution units (PDUs), and computer room air conditioners have not only created technological benefits, but provide entirely new NCPI asset management opportunities with direct and measurable financial benefits.

Understanding EPO and its Downtime Risks (#22):

An Emergency Power Off (EPO) system is intended to power down a single piece of electronic equipment or an entire installation from a single point by activating a push button. EPO is employed in many applications such as industrial processes and information technology (IT). This white paper describes the advantages and disadvantages of EPO for protecting data centers and small IT equipment rooms containing UPS systems. Various codes and standards that require EPO are discussed. Recommended practices are suggested for the use of EPO with UPS systems.

Essential NCPI Service Requirements for Next Generation Data Centers (#12):

Data Centers are a significant investment to the corporations and IT departments who they serve. Whether or not they actually achieve the availability of the design is highly dependent on the quality of the service personnel and their ability to meet the challenges specific to data center management. This paper presents a categorized and prioritized collection of those service challenges and the requirements needed to overcome them. It is based on information obtained in systematic interviews with data center clients and users.

Essential NCPI Management Requirements for Next Generation Data Centers (#14):

The management of physical infrastructure in data centers can no longer be considered independently of the IT management architecture. In order to manage rapid change and achieve demanded levels of availability while controlling Total Cost of Ownership, IT managers can no longer afford to rely on the primitive, customized management solutions of the past. These solutions are no longer effective and must be replaced by systems based on, and integrated with, open IT management standards. With this in mind, this paper describes the requirements for management of next-generation Network-Critical Physical Infrastructure from the perspective of the ITIL framework.

Watts and Volt-Amps: Powerful Confusion (#15):

This note helps explain the differences between Watts and VA and explains how the terms are correctly and incorrectly used in specifying power protection equipment.

Reducing the Hidden Costs Associated with Upgrades of Data Center Power Capacity(#73):

Failure to adopt modular standardization as a design strategy for Network-Critical Physical Infrastructure (NCPI) is costly on all fronts: unnecessary expense, avoidable downtime, and lost business opportunity. Standardization and its close relative, modularity, create wideranging benefits in NCPI that streamline and simplify every process from initial planning to daily operation, with significant positive effects on all three major components of NCPI business value – availability, agility, and total cost of ownership.

Standardization and Modularity in Network-Critical Physical Infrastructure (#116):

Description: Failure to adopt modular standardization as a design strategy for Network-Critical Physical Infrastructure (NCPI) is costly on all fronts: unnecessary expense, avoidable downtime, and lost business opportunity. Standardization and its close relative, modularity, create wide-ranging benefits in NCPI that streamline and simplify every process from initial planning to daily operation, with significant positive effects on all three major components of NCPI business value – availability, agility, and total cost of ownership.interpretation.

Mean Time Between Failure: Explanation and Standards (#78):

Description: Mean Time Between Failure is a reliability term used loosely throughout many industries and has become widely abused in some. Over the years the original meaning of this term has been altered which has led to confusion and cynicism. MTBF is largely based on assumptions and definition of failure and attention to these details are paramount to proper interpretation. This paper explains the underlying complexities and misconceptions of MTBF and the methods available for estimating it.

Ten Steps to Solving Cooling Problems Caused by High Density Server Deployment (#42):

High-density servers present a significant challenge. Here is a 10-step approach for cooling efficiency, cooling compactly and power density in existing data centers.

Monitoring Physical Threats in the Data Center (#102):

Excerpt of APC white paper #102 discusses monitoring physical threats in the data center.

Network-Critical Physical Infrastructure: Optimizing Business Value (#117):

Excerpt of APC white paper #117 discusses network-critical physical infrastructure (NCPI).

Strategies for Deploying Blade Servers in Existing Data Centers (#125):

Excerpt of APC white paper #117 discusses network-critical physical infrastructure (NCPI).

The Advantages of Row and Rack-Oriented Architectures for Data Centers ( #130, Part 1 of 2):

Latest generation high/variable density IT equipment creates conditions that room cooling was never intended to address. Part one reviews room-, row- and rack-based cooling architectures that can address these issues.

The Advantages of Row and Rack-Oriented Architectures for Data Centers ( #130, Part 2 of 2):

Description: Latest generation high/varible density IT equipment it equipment creates conditions that room cooling was never intended to address. Row- and rack-oriented cooling architectures address these issues. Excerpt two offers a comparison of these architectures.

Implementing Energy Efficient Data Centers ( #114):

Description: Electricity usage costs have become an increasing fraction of the total cost of ownership (TCO) for data centers. Learn how to quantify electricity savings gained through appropriate design of the network-critical physical infrastructure and IT architecture.

Avoiding Costs from Oversizing Data Center and Network Room Infrastructure (#37):

Description: The single largest avoidable cost associated with typical data center and network room infrastructure is oversizing. Learn how you can prevent this unnecessary cost.

Management Strategy for Network-Critical Physical Infrastructure ( #100):

Description: Strategies for choosing a management solution for the physical infrastructure of IT networks, where management of individual devices is necessary to have visibility to the many data points required for reliable operation

CIOs Reduce Data Center Costs Through Power and Cooling Efficiency | Guest Opinions | ITBusinessEdge.com

Posted by on February 2, 2012  |  No Comments

Author:  Jeff Klaus, Intel Data Center Manager

Energy costs are the fastest-rising cost element in the data center. Based on current trends, the EPA estimates that energy consumed by data centers will continue to grow by 12 percent per year. Power and thermal energy consumption balanced with energy savings is one of the major responsibilities of facility and IT managers. Intel Data Center Manager group has observed how the data center is now a source for CIOs and their technical teams to add to the bottom line through increased power and cooling efficiency.

Read more…..

CIOs Reduce Data Center Costs Through Power and Cooling Efficiency | Guest Opinions | ITBusinessEdge.com.

Data Center Budgeting for 2012 | The Data Center Journal

Posted by on January 7, 2012  |  No Comments

Data Center Budgeting for 2012 | The Data Center Journal.

By Jeff Clark

Now that the holidays are over and the minds of many are moving from gifts and celebrations to the responsibilities of the new year, data center budgeting and how to save precious funds is one area of focus. The economy … Read More »

Don’s Corner: “Reduce Energy Costs In Your Data Center: Data Center Efficiency Assessments”

Posted by on August 31, 2011  |  No Comments


Don Melchert, Critical Facility Specialist

Data center efficiency is key to controlling energy costs and has become a topic of significant importance in the data center industry. Gartner research reports that 70 percent of CIOs say power and cooling issues are the single largest concern facing their data centers. Nearly half of a data center’s energy bill is from power and cooling infrastructure.

Our organization, Universal Networking Services, specializes in establishing energy efficiency benchmarks and provides cost-effective, energy efficient power, cooling and management solutions. A company that differentiates itself from its competitors by focusing on achieving maximum energy efficiency in the shortest time possible, is now offering their Critical Facility Energy Profile (CFEP) absolutely free. Using a non-invasive, risk free approach, our CFEP service inspects and analyzes a critical facility holistically, then identifies potential conflicts and makes recommendations on how to improve the overall reliability and energy efficiency of their IT support assets.  Upon completion, a CFEP Report Card is provided which summarizes each critical support component and its associated costs, based on deployment and facility architecture. A 20-30% increase in energy efficiency is a typical ROI for customers that have had a CFEP performed. Additonally, UNS offers cost segregation (tax savings) and leasing solutions to help the customer get the maximum ROI on new equipment.


Data Center Electrical Efficiency Profiles

Our Critical Facility Energy Profiles (CFEP) service provides an analysis of your current power and cooling infrastructure to determine the baseline efficiency of your wiring closet, server room or data center. Our critical facilities specialist will document the existing infrastructure, determine the efficiency and provide an accurate assessment of the factors limiting the highest achievable efficiency of the data center. The critical facility specialist will provide a comprehensive report that will make recommendations for changes to maximize efficiency. The following seven (7) key areas of your Network Critical Physical Infrastructure is evaluated:

  • Power
  • Cooling
  • Enclosures/Racks
  • Security
  • Fire Suppression
  • Management
  • Recycle/Re-use of Old Equipment

Our Critical Facility Energy Profiles (CFEP) service is available in three (3) distinct profiles:

Basic Premier Elite
Power Assessment Power Assessment Power Assessment
Cooling Assessment Cooling Assessment Cooling Assessment
Enclosures/Rack Enclosures/Rack Enclosures/Rack
Fire Suppression Fire Suppression Fire Suppression
Security Assessment Security Assessment Security Assessment
Management Assessment Management Assessment Management Assessment
Personnel Assessment Personnel Assessment Personnel Assessment
NCPI Report Card NCPI Report Card NCPI Report Card
Uptime Risk Assessments Uptime Risk Assessments
Rack/Row Efficiency Measurements Rack/Row Efficiency Measurements
Product Training (Where Applicable)
On-Site Finding Presentation
Thermal Imaging
CFD Analysis


Learn More:

To learn more about our Data Center Efficiency Assessment Services please visit us at www.criticalpowerandcooling.com.  Please feel free to contact Don Melchert with any questions at d.melchert@apcdistributors.com or call 918-760-8236.




Universal Networking Services, LLC Proudly Announces Teaming Partnership with Hill Commercial Construction

Posted by on January 18, 2011  |  No Comments

Universal Networking Services, LLC Proudly Announces Teaming Partnership with Hill Commercial Construction

Denver, Colorado, January 17, 2010: Universal Networking Services, LLC (UNS, LLC)  a leading provider of mission-critical power and cooling infrastructure products and services today announced teaming partnership with local Denver company, Hill Commercial Construction (HCC).

Kurt Ave, COO of UNS, states “The partnership of HCC and UNS creates a dynamic team within the data center design and construction industry.  The HCC/UNS team will insure a streamline process for project delivery from inception to facility operation.  This process will include data center design, equipment specification and procurement, MEP design and evaluations, facility construction, commissioning and operational start-up all with a single source or as we call it “The Ultimate Solution”.  This process is designed to control the total cost of ownership (TCO) by reducing the overall cost of the project and increasing efficiency.  We are very excited to team with HCC to deliver world class service to Colorado and beyond.”

About Universal Networking Services, LLC

Universal Networking Services, LLC headquartered in Denver, Colorado has opened two regional offices located in Houston, Texas and Lafayette, Indiana.  UNS, LLC specializes in mission-critical power and cooling solutions for wiring closets, server rooms, and data centers.  UNS, LLC provides product acquisition, design, engineering, installation management and maintenance services.

About Hill Commercial Construction

Hill Commercial Construction, LLC is a Denver-area commercial construction company whose unwavering commitment to service, quality and integrity has resulted in a widespread reputation for excellence.  Capabilities include:  ground-up facilities, tenant improvements, Class “A” tenant finishes, corporate headquarters expansions, data centers and medical speciality projects.  HCC offers expertise in all phases of the project from due diligence through final closeout into warranty.  HCC has never had a lost time accident and they engage in safe construction practices on every project.

Please help to congratulate UNS, LLC and HCC on their teaming efforts.

To learn more about UNS, LLC please contact Waite Ave at w.ave@apcdistributors.com or 281-825-9790.

To learn more about Hill Commercial Construction please contact Scott Komula at skomula@hillcommercial.com or 303-905-4737.

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